The Trans/Hitos 2018 Exhibition: “Cycles” proposes ceramics as an ideal solution to changes in architecture and public spaces
In 2018 CEVISAMA again hosts a new Trans-Hitos, Ceramics for Architecture Exhibition at the Trade Fair facilities, in Valencia, Spain, coinciding with the major sectoral show for the global ceramic industry. A key instrument is involved for keeping abreast of the ceramic sector and it is an event no professional in the industry should miss.
In 2018, Trans/Hitos will be held for the 14th time and will again feature, across 600 m2 of the Level 2 pavilion crossover, from 5 to 9 February, surprising installations in which ceramics play the star role, this time under the generic slogan “Cycles”, always aim
ed at communicating, in a transgressive and innovative mode, advanced and as yet relatively unfamiliar uses of a ceramic material that performs far more than just hygienic functions or acts simply as a surface covering.
The Trans/Hitos slogan “Cycles” refers to a fresh way of understanding architecture by providing a glimpse of a different cycle, suggesting that what has been learnt in the last few years will have a great significance in driving an architecture that thinks about people and seeks to solve their problems. This explains the boom of citizen participation processes, which attempt to prioritize user needs, or the ever more frequent social architecture designs that usually respond to an immediate need, caused by some type of crisis, or to political or environmental issues. All this is framed within a sustainability context, in which regeneration and reusability will play an important role in this new phase. The recovery, both of spaces and of materials, leads us towards an architecture in which tradition will coexist with other such innovative aspects in the world of architecture as the circular economy.
Trans/Hitos 2018 “Cycles” is possible thanks to the support of the CEVISAMA Organisation and the collaboration of the Spanish Ceramic Tile Manufacturers’ Association (ASCER), the show being designed, executed, and coordinated by the Habitat Area of the Instituto de Tecnología Cerámica (ITC).
SPACE 1: Ceramic Tile Studies Department Expo 2018. Ceramics and Architecture. ASCER Network of Ceramic Tile Studies Departments.
Area devoted to showcasing the works of students from the different Ceramic Tile Studies Departments promoted by ASCER since 2004. An innovative Network is involved at different Schools of Architecture (Harvard, Liverpool, Graz, Darmstadt, Barcelona, Alicante, Valencia, and Madrid), through which – besides the actual course lessons – conferences, visits, and exhibitions are organised, as well as the edition of publications relating to a better understanding and diversification of the use of ceramics in the sphere of the Architecture.
Expo 2018 is coordinated by Víctor Echarri, Coordinator of the Alicante Ceramic Tile Studies Department, and Ángel Benigno González Avilés, researcher in that Department.
This new edition provides an innovative vision with regard to the integration of the most innovative technologies in ceramics for architecture, while concurrently highlighting the intense activity undertaken by the Spanish ceramic industry to develop materials committed to their environment, able to provide far-reaching construction solutions. Therefore, novel processes, fresh uses, sustainable construction, energy efficiency, new building systems, new applications, building refurbishment, ceramic applications in urban domains, among others, are to be found in the projects developed by students in the Network of Ceramic Tile Studies Departments.
For further information on the Ceramic Tile Studies Departments: http://www.catedraceramica.es
SPACE 2: FabricArte
Wesam Asali, winner of the 15th Tile of Spain Awards of Architecture and Interior Design in the Degree Project (DP) category, presents the space FabricArte, based on the concept of the manufacture of ceramic structures, ranging between craftwork and industrial fabrication, in which ceramic tiles are part of the load-bearing structure itself. The design champions Spanish tiles as elements that embody an inspiring history beyond their own nature as a material, and it is knowledge that enables the tiles to transform themselves into structures. In this space, the creation of ceramic vaults is driven in a practically handcrafted mode. Although tech
nology seems to have favoured other types of structures, in Trans/Hitos 18, Wesam Asali makes the vault screen an essential asset in finding solutions that foster traditional knowledge in construction practice. As this practice is closely related to craftwork, technological applications should help builders, instead of replacing them.
SPACE 3: Ceramic Tectonics: Tile Grid Shell. Harvard Graduate School of Design – Material Processes +Systems (MaP+S) Group.
Ceramic Tectonics explores the structural capabilities of thin, large format ceramic tiles – a product commonly used as an interior surface finish or exterior cladding. Can a product typically experienced as a two-dimensional surface also be used to define and enclose a three-dimensional space? Structural applications such as the Harvard grid shell are emerging as new applications for tiles, challenging age-old perceptions of ceramic as surface finish.
Constructed from unreinforce d 6mm thick ceramic tile, the triangular catenary form of this self-supporting grid shell is designed to minimize internal stresses and efficiently span between three support points. The structure’s 30 ceramic ribs form a novel structural pattern of triangles and hexagons, and are a world-wide first system of this kind constructed from ceramics.
The structure is comprised of 465 unique elements, each of which is customized according to its position in the structure. With a 6m span between supports, and a maximum interior height of 2.48m, the structure includes approximately 13.5 sqm of occupiable interior space.
Director: Professor Martin Bechthold
Project Manager: Zach Seibold
Design Research: Yonghwan Kim, Olga Mesa, Milena Stavric
SPACE 4: “Screen”. Elena Oleza and Louis Sicard.
This project was unanimously chosen winner of the third edition of the competition promoted by CEVISAMA, ASCER and the Instituto de Tecnología Cerámica (ITC) for designing one of the Trans-Hitos spaces.
The project was developed from the perspective of how a ceramic piece could be the main element and concurrently generate a structure, in addition to allowing reuse of all the structure’s elements upon disassembly of the installation, which reinterprets the geometric shape of a lattice screen, widely found in traditional Valencian architecture: it is an architectural element that lets light through and produces aesthetic effects that play with the dual colour exhibited by the tiles (on the one hand the white surface and, on the other, the clay bonding surface).
From these three premises, a construction system was pursued that allows a structure to be generated from the repetition of the elements, the simplest ceramic material (standard white tile) being chosen as main element. To assemble the structure, a connecting piece was designed, made with epoxy resin, using moulds. The entire installation was created by combining these two elements, in all using 1116 tiles and 842 nodes or connecting pieces arranged in a triangular form, so that the structure as a whole works in the same way as a truss. This replicable, generic, and reinterpretable system, and non-singular piece, can be adapted to other needs or projects.
The tiles are only connected at the nodes by assembly, so that the structure can be mounted again elsewhere without more material needing to be produced. This means lower costs, while increasing the service life of the pieces.
SPACE 5: XVIth TILE OF SPAIN AWARDS OF ARCHITECTURE AND INTERIOR DESIGN organised by ASCER
Project: “Bodega Mont-Ras”, by Jorge Vidal and Víctor Rahola.
The jury noted the appropriate use of the material for the industrial and simultaneously rustic character of the programme, which is developed by also displaying the adaptation of the chosen material to the make-up of the different geometries for the space, imbuing the ensemble with a highly defined character.
First Special Mention
Project: “Enlargement and refurbishment of the Gon-Gar workshops” by NUA arquitectures.
A building work of difficult unit solution which, thanks to the use of ceramic materials, allows a plastic totality to be generated for the composition, very consistent in the context, providing a singular urban and programmatic situation with modernity.
Second Special Mention:
Project: “Hotel Santacreu on the islet of Tabarca”, by Diego López Fuster + SUBARQUITECTURA. The jury highlighted the role of ceramics that travel from outside indoors without a continuity solution at points of clear architectural interest, such as the treatment of the open inner court in the roof, and the use of ceramics inside, in clear colour contrast with the outsides.
Interior Design Category
First prize: “Three underground stations of L9 in Barcelona” by Garcés – de Seta – Bonet Arquitectes. The jury noted the contrast created by the use of clean and comfortable ceramic flooring in contact with the movement of the people, and the radicality and nakedness of the other surfaces. The jury valued the use of a single material that is able to solve all the situations that flooring in a public space needs to address.
Project: “Can Picafort” by Ted’A arquitectes, the imaginative use being highlighted of an array of different materials, which are connected to each other by using ceramics indoors as well as outdoors.
Project: “Refurbishment of a dwelling between party walls” by ARQUITECTURA-G, a building work regarding which the jury particularly appreciated the maximum unification in a single ceramic material of all horizontal surfaces, displaying a clear colour contrast with the other dwelling surfaces, which are neutral and partly extend outdoors.
DEGREE PROJECT (DP) AWARD
First prize: “A garden of landscapes: recovery of the environs of the Zirí Wall in the Albaicín (Granada). New neighbourhood centre and tourist office”, by Rafael López-Toribio
Moreno, from the Granada School of Architecture.
The jury valued the insertion of a sequence of architectures at a difficult edge of the city and noted the sensitivity in using construction solutions in designing a rout
e with diverse scenes and sights across the landscape. The use of ceramics at a territorial level provides the entire project with unity.
Project: “Neighbourhood Resources”, by Laia Raventós Recasens.
Project: “Smithfield Abbey Campus”, by Ricardo Fernández Gonzá
Project: “Catalogue of aesthetic ruins”, by Jorge Sánchez Bajo.
For further information: www.premiosceramica.com